Discover Magazine April 2017Infections can trigger immune attacks on kids’ brains, provoking devastating psychiatric disorders.
by Pamela Weintraub

Hidden Invaders takes an in-depth look at the history and scientific findings surrounding pediatric autoimmune neuropsychiatric disorders, PANS and PANDAS. The article explores Dr. Madeleine Cunningham’s discovery of autoantibodies in the brain and their impact on movement and behaviors.

“At 7 years old, Paul Michael Nelson was the kind of quiet, brilliant kid you were likely to find in Silicon Valley — captivated by Legos, self-taught in origami, loving and sweet. But on March 2, 2009, he woke up in the middle of the night, monstrously changed. He tore up the flooring in his bedroom. He got hold of a knife and stabbed holes through his door. He began speaking a strange language no one could understand. He tried pulling his teeth out. He barked like a dog.”